Scorpion


Scorpion
King before 3100 BC.
    The Scorpion Macehead, discovered at Hieraconpolis and now in the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, provides evidence relating to one of the earliest kings of Egypt for whom any historical information has been found. With the *Narmer Palette, this macehead preserves the earliest examples of hieroglyphic writing that have yet been uncovered.
    The names of only two kings of the predynastic period—Ka and Scorpion—are known, and the latter is represented by a hieroglyph which depicts a scorpion.
    The Scorpion Macehead is decorated with scenes in relief which are arranged in three registers: the top one probably commemorates the king's action (together with the leaders of a group of southern districts) of subjugating foreigners in the deserts, the oases, and some part of Lower Egypt possibly as far north as the apex of the Delta. The middle and bottom registers are probably concerned with the agricultural measures that the king took after his military victories, for here he is shown digging a canal, perhaps to initiate a major irrigation project.
    It is generally considered that Scorpion was a southern ruler who took early steps to conquer the northern kingdom—a process of unifying the Two Lands which his successor, *Narmer, successfully concluded.
BIBL. Arkell, A.J. Was King Scorpion Menes? Antiquity 37 (1963) pp. 31-5; Emery, W.B. Archaic Egypt. Harmondsworth: 1972.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
* * *
(reigned c. 3200 BC)
   Amajor king of Dynasty 0 whose name is uncertain but was written as a scorpion hieroglyph. He reigned in UpperEgyptbut is attested from an inscription in Nubia. His principal monument is a decorated macehead found at Hierakonpolis. He was buried at Abydos, and his tombhas recently been excavated by a German expedition.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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  • scorpion — [ skɔrpjɔ̃ ] n. m. • XIIe; escorpium 1119; lat. scorpio, gr. skorpios 1 ♦ Animal pourvu d appendices chélicères, et formé d éléments articulés dont le dernier porte un aiguillon crochu et venimeux. Pince du scorpion. ⇒ pédipalpe. Scorpion noir,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scorpion — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scorpion — Scor pi*on, n. [F., fr. L. scorpio, scorpius, Gr. ?, perhaps akin to E. sharp.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of pulmonate arachnids of the order {Scorpiones}, having a suctorial mouth, large claw bearing palpi, and a caudal sting.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scorpion — (englische Schreibweise von „Skorpion“) bezeichnet: zwei britische Automobilmarken (1965), bzw. (1973), siehe Scorpion (Humberstone), bzw. Scorpion (Innes Lee) eine ehemalige neuseeländische Automobilmarke, siehe Scorpion (Kit Car) einen sehr… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scorpion — SCORPIÓN, scorpioni, s.m. 1. Nume dat mai multor specii de arahnide având la extremitatea posterioară glande veninoase, care se deschid în vârful unui ac; scorpie (1). ♢ Scorpionul de cărţi =scorpion minuscul, fără coadă şi fără glande veninoase …   Dicționar Român

  • scorpion — SCORPION. s. m. Sorte d insecte venimeux, & dont le venin est principalement à l extremité de la queuë. La piqueure du scorpion est dangereuse. on tient que la blessure que fait le scorpion se guerit en escrasant le scorpion mesme sur la playe.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • scorpion — early 13c., from O.Fr. scorpion, from L. scorpionem (nom. scorpio), extended form of scorpius, from Gk. skorpios a scorpion, from PIE root * (s)ker to cut (see SHEAR (Cf. shear)). The Spanish alacran scorpion is from Arabic al aqrab …   Etymology dictionary

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  • scorpion — [skôr′pē ən] n. [OFr < L scorpio < Gr skorpios, scorpion, kind of fish < IE base * (s)ker , to cut > SHEAR] 1. any of an order (Scorpiones) of arachnids found in warm regions, with a front pair of nipping claws and a long, slender,… …   English World dictionary

  • scorpion — ► NOUN ▪ an arachnid with lobster like pincers and a poisonous sting at the end of its tail. ORIGIN Greek skorpios scorpion …   English terms dictionary

  • Scorpion — Scorpion, ein dem Krebse außerordentlich ähnliches Insekt mit 8 Füßen, 2 Scheeren und einem langen, dünnen, aus 6 Knoten gebildeten Schwanz, welcher sich in eine gebogene, dolchartige Spitze mit einer kleinen giftgefüllten Blase endiget. Man… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon


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